Emergency & Critical Care: Current need of the hour

Why are Emergency Departments important?

Patients that are critically sick, have met with an accident, or facing a medical emergency are rushed between hospitals. This is an unavoidable aspect of an emergency department so that the patient can receive emergency treatment on the spot. Patients in this condition are at a higher risk of fatality or morbidity during transfers or transportation, which is why an Emergency Unit is needed at the hospital

For many patients, emergency medical intervention at the right time in the golden hour can reduce the mortality rate, optimize treatment costs, and enhance treatment results. Because of this, an emergency room (ER) is a crucial component of every reputable, properly sized hospital.

An ED differs from most other hospital departments in that it requires unique tools and methods. Patients usually have unstable states when they arrive, necessitating prompt treatment. They might not be aware of their blood type, allergies, or medical history since they might be asleep. ED staff members are taught to function fast and efficiently even when given limited information. EMTs, paramedics, and other pre-hospital care providers who are periodically stationed in an ED must communicate well with ED staff as well.

What should a Critical Care Unit ideally consist of?

In order to do the job that they are designed and intended to do, emergency units or emergency rooms have to have the following basic structures in place for proper and productive functionality.


The primary objectives are to decrease the rate of suffering and morbidity and shorten ICU stays. Make each patient's infection rate zero. One must first concentrate on increasing indigenous manufacturing of ICU machinery and equipment.

Beds and space

The presence of necessary ICU beds and associated equipment must be checked for on a regular basis at healthcare institutions. It is necessary to observe and adhere to the 1:4 ratio of ICU beds to total hospital beds. In a similar vein, it must be made sure that all institutions have set aside necessary people for critical care in proportion to their size and foot traffic.

Training for the staff

The medical staff participating in critical care, such as physicians, nurses, and paramedics, must be trained to operate the equipment and machinery in ICUs.

Elite medical professionals with appropriate expertise in critical careModern tools that might aid doctors in keeping an eye on their patients' ailmentsDevices that assist doctors in treating patients and observing patient progress.Besides the doctors, a trained critical care staff is there to assist them throughout the entire critical care procedure.

However, it is also essential to remember and prioritize the idea that healthcare is essential for everyone. Emergency units need to be functional independently not just in metropolitan cities, but also in rural, or semi-urban areas. With the much needed understanding of the significance of these departments, healthcare in India will begin to pick up the pace towards accessible and functional healthcare bodies.



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